Mayurasana or the Peacock yoga pose is one of the main asanas mentioned in the yogic text Hatha Yoga Pradeepika. In sanskrit, ‘Mayura’ means peacock and ‘asana’ means pose. Mayurasana or the peacock pose is a difficult asana for beginners. Yet with a little practice over few weeks, one can master this asana. All one needs is patience and perseverance.
Chakrasana or the wheel pose is a backward bending yoga asana. Chakra in sanskrit means Wheel. In chakrasana, the final position looks like a wheel, hence the name. It gives great flexibility to the spine.
Ushtrasana or the Camel Yoga Pose (‘Ushtra’ in sanskrit means Camel), is one of the backward bending Yoga asana for strengthening the back and spine.
Dhanurasana or the Yogic Bow Pose, is so called as it resembles a bow when it is performed (“Dhanur” means Bow in sanskrit). In Dhanurasana, body and the legs take the shape of the bow, while the hands look like the string.
Shalabhasana or the Locust Yoga Pose is so called because the body and the legs resemble a Locust when it is performed. Shalabhasana is one the best yoga asanas for strengthening the back muscles.
Bhujangasana or the Cobra Pose, is one of the main backward bending asanas used in yoga. In Bhujangasana, the head and trunk resembles a cobra with raised hood, hence the name (‘Bhujanga’ means Cobra in sanskrit).
Vajrasana or the kneeling yoga pose is also called the diamond pose or the thunderbolt pose. In Sanskrit, Vajra means thunderbolt or diamond and Asana means a pose. Vajrasana is a sitting posture and can be used for meditation and prayer.
Marjariasana or the Cat Pose in Yoga is excellent for improving flexibility of the spine. Most of the asanas or poses have been adopted by observing animals. The cat family has one of the most flexible spines in the animal kingdom.
Makarasana or the Crocodile pose is a yoga asana used for relaxation. In sanskrit, ‘Makar’ means crocodile and ‘Asana’ means a pose. Makarasana is a yogic pose useful for people with back and shoulder problems.
Jyestikasana or “Superior Pose” is a yoga pose used for relaxation. Jyestikasana is very easy to perform and can be done by all age groups. In sanskrit, ‘Jyeshta’ means ‘elder’ or “superior’. There are several relaxation poses in Yoga which can give deep rest to the body, make your breath steady and calm your mind.